assessment of cardiovascular disease risk.
disease (CVD) represents the most significant health
problem for Australians. The associated conditions collectively
were responsible for about 38% of all deaths in 2002
. The prevalence of these diseases has increased
by almost 20% over the last decade with the total burden
expected to increase in the future due to the growing
number of elderly Australians, among whom these diseases
are most common .
Modifiable risk factors including blood pressure; smoking;
cholesterol, weight and physical activity status are
associated with CVD, making this disease largely preventable.
Future risk of major vascular events depends on the
range and intensity of these various risk factors and
hence the most appropriate method of assessing this
risk needs to be established.
To address this, we are undertaking a project funded
by the Australian
National Heart Foundation to identify, appraise
and summarise the best available evidence and present
recommendations to guide practice for assessment of
absolute CVD risk in Australia.
1. Australian Institute of Health
and Welfare (AIHW). Heart,
stroke and vascular diseases – Australian Facts
2004. Canberra: AIHW and National
Heart Foundation of Australia (Cardiovascular Disease
Series No. 22); 2004. Report No.: AIHW Cat. No. CVD
phone: 03 9594 7534.